With the arrival of firearms in the 18th century, the Batak artisans began making bullet and gunpowder holders as objects of status and power. This exquisite gunpowder holder is made from buffalo horn and has a glossy patina from years of use. The center portion is decorated with the mask-like face of a singa (sanskrit for lion) with three horns, a central one shaped like an arrowhead flanked by two other horns curving outwards The narrow end is surmounted by another singa in profile. Gunpowder was loaded into the larger end and taken out through the smaller opening when needed. Ex. Davide Manfredi (France).